Tuesday, 26 December 2017

Swami Vivekananda : Discovery of Real India

Swami Vivekananda, known in his pre-monastic life as Narendra Nath Datta, was born in an affluent family in Kolkata on 12 January 1863. His father, Vishwanath Datta, was a successful attorney with interests in a wide range of subjects, and his mother, Bhuvaneshwari Devi, was endowed with deep devotion, strong character and other qualities. A precocious boy, Narendra excelled in music, gymnastics and studies. By the time he graduated from Calcutta University, he had acquired a vast knowledge of different subjects, especially Western philosophy and history. Born with a yogic temperament, he used to practise meditation even from his boyhood, and was associated with Brahmo Movement for some time.

During his travels all over India, Swami Vivekananda was deeply moved to see the appalling poverty and backwardness of the masses. He was the first religious leader in India to understand and openly declare that the real cause of India’s downfall was the neglect of the masses. 
The immediate need was to provide food and other bare necessities of life to the hungry millions. For this they should be taught improved methods of agriculture, village industries, etc. It was in this context that Vivekananda grasped the crux of the problem of poverty in India (which had escaped the attention of social reformers of his days): owing to centuries of oppression, the downtrodden masses had lost faith in their capacity to improve their lot. It was first of all necessary to infuse into their minds faith in themselves. For this they needed a life-giving, inspiring message. Swamiji found this message in the principle of the Atman, the doctrine of the potential divinity of the soul, taught in Vedanta, the ancient system of religious philosophy of India. He saw that, in spite of poverty, the masses clung to religion, but they had never been taught the life-giving, ennobling principles of Vedanta and how to apply them in practical life.
Thus the masses needed two kinds of knowledge: secular knowledge to improve their economic condition, and spiritual knowledge to infuse in them faith in themselves and strengthen their moral sense. The next question was, how to spread these two kinds of knowledge among the masses? Through education – this was the answer that Swamiji found. 


Wanchoo Point: A Natural Hill Station near Indore

The hill area surrounded by the deep forest, Wanchoo Point is situated near Mhow The place has all the trappings of a natural hill-station. With rains having turned valleys verdant, Wanchoo Point has sprung up on MP State Tourism Development Corporation (MPSTDC) radar as potential tourism spot for people of Indore and adjoining areas, Wanchoo Point located atop hills on Narmada water supply route between Jalud and Indore and from where one can get a perfect view of Sun set, has always been a favorite destination for the picnic goers and lovers of scenic beauty.


Current Trends in Web Developement

Web development is a broad term for the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network). Web development can range from developing the simplest static single page of plain text to the most complex web-based internet applications, social network applications and electronic business applications.




What is Mahcine Vision ?

According to the Automated ImagingAssociation (AIA), machine vision encompasses all industrial and non-industrial applications in which a combination of hardware and software provide operational guidance to devices in the execution of their functions based on the capture and processing of images. Though industrial computer vision uses many of the same algorithms and approaches as academic/educational and governmental/military applications of computer vision, constraints are different.
Industrial vision systems demand greater robustness, reliability, and stability compared with an academic/educational vision system and typically cost much less than those used in governmental/military applications. Therefore, industrial machine vision implies low cost, acceptable accuracy, high robustness, high reliability, and high mechanical, and temperature stability.
Machine vision systems rely on digital sensors protected inside industrial cameras with specialized optics to acquire images, so that computer hardware and software can process, analyze, and measure various characteristics for decision making.

As an example, consider a fill-levelinspection system at a brewery (Figure 1). Each bottle of beer passes through an inspection sensor, which triggers a vision system to flash a strobe light and take a picture of the bottle. After acquiring the image and storing it in memory, vision software processes or analyzes it and issues a pass-fail response based on the fill level of the bottle. If the system detects an improperly filled bottle—a fail—it signals a diverter to reject the bottle. An operator can view rejected bottles and ongoing process statistics on a display.

Figure 1. Bottle fill-level inspection example
Benefits of Machine Vision-
Where human vision is best for qualitative interpretation of a complex, unstructured scene, machine vision excels at quantitative measurement of a structured scene because of its speed, accuracy, and repeatability. For example, on a production line, a machine vision system can inspect hundreds, or even thousands, of parts per minute. A machine vision system built around the right camera resolution and optics can easily inspect object details too small to be seen by the human eye.
In removing physical contact between a test system and the parts being tested, machine vision prevents part damage and eliminates the maintenance time and costs associated with wear and tear on mechanical components. Machine vision brings additional safety and operational benefits by reducing human involvement in a manufacturing process. Moreover, it prevents human contamination of clean rooms and protects human workers from hazardous environments.

Search engine Optimization and Digital marketing by CrazyOnWeb a digital marketing company


Digital marketing is the marketing of products or services using digital technologies, mainly on the Internet, but also including mobile phones, display advertising, and any other digital medium

Digital marketing is often referred to as 'online marketing', 'internet marketing' or 'web marketing'. The term digital marketing has grown in popularity over time, particularly in certain countries, Digital marketing methods such as search engine optimization (SEO), search engine marketing (SEM), content marketing, influencer marketing, content automation, campaign marketing, data-driven marketing, e-commerce marketing, social media marketingsocial media optimizatione-mail direct marketing, display advertising, e–books, and optical disks and games are becoming more common in our advancing technology. In fact, digital marketing now extends to non-Internet channels that provide digital media, such as mobile phones (SMS and MMS), callback, and on-hold mobile ring tones.



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Prof. Sanjay Modi has Chaired Session in the 1st International Conference on Data, Engineering and Application jointly organized by RGPV Bhopal on 28-29 October 2017.

Prof. Sanjay Modi has Chaired Session in the 1st International Conference on Data, Engineering and Application jointly organized by RGPV Bhopal on 28-29 October 2017.

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Wednesday, 20 December 2017

Study Materials for aspirants


Vikrant Academy a renowned name of Gwalior comes up with digital concept for its students by providing e-notes/question papers free of cost. Students have to register once on www.vitm.edu.in (college’s Website) and they can download notes and previous year question papers for MPPSC, SSC-CGL, Railway, Bank, NEET, JEE and for other competitive examination. 

ALL THE BEST.

Tuesday, 4 July 2017

GST : Goods & Services Tax Concept


GST stands for “Goods and Services Tax”, and is proposed to be a comprehensive indirect tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods as well as services at the national level. Its main objective is to consolidates all indirect tax levies into a single tax, except customs (excluding SAD) replacing multiple tax levies, overcoming the limitations of existing indirect tax structure, and creating efficiencies in tax administration.
Simply put, goods and services tax is a tax levied on goods and services imposed at each point of sale or rendering of service. Such GST could be on entire goods and services or there could be some exempted class of goods or services or a negative list of goods and services on which GST is not levied. GST is an indirect tax in lieu of tax on goods (excise) and tax on service (service tax). The GST is just like State level VAT which is levied as tax on sale of goods. GST will be a national level value added tax applicable on goods and services.
A major change in administering GST will be that the tax incidence is at the point of sale as against the present system of point of origin. According to the Task Force under the 13th Finance Commission, GST, as a well designed value added tax on all goods and services, is the most elegant method to eliminate distortions and to tax consumption.
One of the reasons to go the GST way is to facilitate seamless credit across the entire supply chain and across all States under a common tax base. It is a tax on goods and services, which will be levied at each point of sale or provision of service, in which at the time of sale of goods or providing the services the seller or service provider can claim the input credit of tax which he has paid while purchasing the goods or procuring the service. This is because they include GST in the price of the goods and services they sell and can claim credits for the most GST included in the price of goods and services they buy. The cost of GST is borne by the final consumer, who can’t claim GST credits, i.e. input credit of the tax paid.
Example: A product whose base price is ₹ 100 and after levying excise duty @ 12%value of the product is ₹ 112. On sale of such goods VAT is levied @ 12.5% and value to the ultimate consumer is ₹ 126. In the proposed GST system on base price of ₹ 100 CGST and SGST both will be charged, say @ 8% each, and then the value to the ultimate consumer is ₹ 116. So, in such a case the industry can better compete in global environment.
For more information ....Click here

Monday, 12 June 2017

Demonetisation in India


On November 8, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced in a broadcast to the nation that Rs500 ($7.40) and Rs1,000 currency notes would no longer be recognized legally as currency. “Great,” said Corporate India, economic commentators, foreign investors, international think tanks and global rating agencies. “Masterstroke,” echoed the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
The aim behind the government’s action was to combat tax cheating, counterfeiting and corruption. Eliminating large denominations makes it harder to hide large amounts of cash. Modi noted that the move complements the country’s swachh bharat abhiyan (Clean India campaign). “For years, this country has felt that corruption, black money and terrorism are festering sores, holding us back in the race towards development,” he said. “To break the grip of corruption and black money, we have decided that the currency notes presently in use will no longer be legal tender from midnight tonight.” Added Finance Minister Arun Jaitley: “The goal of this is to clean transactions, [to] clean money.”
“This announcement appears to be the most significant change made by the Modi government to date,” says Girish Vanvari, partner and head (tax), KPMG in India. “Its impact could be even bigger than GST (the Goods and Services Tax which is still running the gauntlet of politicians).” Adds a report by Crisil, a global S&P company: “Tuesday’s move could change the face of the Indian economy, improve the government’s fiscal position and tax compliance. The size of the cash economy will shrink, as will black money generation avenues, because of the better cash-flow trail.”

Wednesday, 31 May 2017

Contract Administration

     1.CONTRACT
  •       A contract is a written or oral legally binding document between client and contractor .
  •       Historically, this was most commonly achieved through signatures.
  •       But with the advancement of electronic- commerce, the forms of acceptance have expanded to include various forms of electronic  signatures.
     2.TYPES OF CONTRACTS
a. Sales contract.
b. Purchase contracts.
c. Partnership agreements.
d. Trade contracts.
e. Construction contracts:-
(a)Percentage rate contract on S.O.R.
(b)Item rate contract.
(c) Lump- sum contract.
3.NEED OF CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION IN CONSTRUCTION 
PROJECT
It is the subset of contract management.
The luck of the projects  closely relates to the contracts rightly prepared.
Contract management and contract administration are the integral parts of any projector business in general.
Contract administration is the active management of relationship between the client and the contractor .
Over the full term of the contract to achieve the agreed standards right from beginning to the completion of the contract.
For more information about it, contact 

Prof. J. S. Kushwah

(Retd. Executive Engineer - PWD MP)

Head, Civil Department

Vikrant College, Gwalior


Saturday, 22 April 2017

DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL INDIA

BIG DREAM OF INDIA:
The dream of India becoming a super power aligned with countries such as the US, and neighbouring China, can be transformed to reality only with proper utilisation of its resources. Human resource is the best resources of any nation and for India; our rural populace can become the driving factor for development and industrialisation. Time has arrived to hone this asset and utilise it for the best.
STRENGTH OF INDIA:
70 % of India’s population still lives in rural villages. However, for all the amenities provided by urbanisation and modernisation, rural India can still teach urban India a thing or two about how to live a good life.
INDIA IN VILLAGES:
Rural India has immense potential to add an intriguing feature to manufacturing and export. India is famous for many unique items and products across the world. Numerous indigenous products of India have a prodigious value in international as well as in the domestic market. For instance, handicraft, hand loom and textiles, orchids, herbs and similar products have huge commercial viability in the global market. Industries associated with these products should be developed with bases in rural landscape throughout the nation. This will bring about a sharp breakthrough in indigenous industry and manufacturing of the nation and enable rural communities to become self-dependent with economic empowerment. Furthermore, industries such as tourism have enormous prospects in a country such as India.
AIM OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT:

The main objective of rural development has been to remove poverty of the people and fill the widened gap between the rich and the poor. This has been also vocalised in the policy of the government which says: said, ‘Rural poverty alleviation has been the primary concern in the economic planning and development process of the country rural development which encompasses the entire gamut of improvement in the overall quality of life in the rural areas can be achieved through eradication of poverty in rural areas.’
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Prepared by Dr Anu Parmar 

Thursday, 20 April 2017

Student Orientation Tips for Better Study

Starting studyagain after you’ve been away from study for a period of time can have its challenges, one of which is often self doubt – do we still remember how to study? can we write fast enough to take notes in lectures? do we have what it takes? are we really intelligent enough? BUT, studying as a mature student has distinct advantages. Mature students often do better than younger ones, they know what they want to study, they’re here because they want to be here, and they bring a wealth of life experience to their study. Most lecturers really enjoy their mature age students because they’re committed to study, to doing the best they can, and making the most of the opportunity.
Academic
        ·You are embarking on a new venture. Give yourself time to familiarise yourself with the university or college, how it works and what is expected of you as a student.
     ·It takes time to develop the necessary academic skills. Become familiar with the Academic Skills Office website If you are having academic difficulties contact your First Year Advisory.
     ·Have realistic expectations for your first semester assignment results and don’t set the bar too high.
     ·Recognise your limits, prioritise, and ask for help when needed. If you are unsure whom to ask, contact the Student Support Team via email or via the Student Support helpline
·Set realistic and attainable goals.

Plan ahead
·Make weekly, monthly, and semester planners 
 Have a weekly timetable with all your lectures, practicals, tutorials and other commitments (including study time, meals, household tasks, relaxation time, etc) marked on it.
 ·Get a whiteboard to hang on your wall. Use it for to-do lists, noting down any ideas for assignments, reminders, etc.
 ·Make sure you know what information technology and communication requirements you need and be active in ensuring that you have the necessary skills.
·Become familiar with the online provisions.
·Make sure you have a study environment that is conducive to study; i.e., distraction free, with the necessary light, ventilation, desk, etc.

Get the balance right
     ·Allocate appropriate time for readings, revision and assessments for each unit. Allow approximately 10 hours for each unit of study.
·Allocate more time to assignments that are worth a greater percentage of the course.
      ·Get a healthy balance between your study and other significant aspects of your life. Map out how you will use your 168 hours each week (e.g., sleep = 56; study = 40; domestic = X; social = X; etc)

Use the library and computer labs
·They are a great place to do some work while you are on campus.

Social
·Surround yourself with fun and interesting people so you’ll always have good conversation, second opinions, and different perspectives of the world.
·Make friends with other students in your course/ units; possibly meet them for coffee or lunch between lec- tures.  
·Put aside time to unwind with friends and family.
·Join a club or society, make time for your hobbies and interests. 
·Join a mailing list relevant to your interests, it’s a good way to stay in touch with what’s happening; e.g., unevents, Mature Students, Townies, etc. There may be other lists that interest you.

Personal
 ·Look after yourself. Get plenty of exercise, make time to relax and unwind, eat and sleep well, and have access to a good doctor, counsellor or masseur.
 · Returning to study means that you will be investing time and energy in your study, home routines change, and this can prove troublesome for partners, children and intimate friends who were used to being the primary focus of the student’s time and caring. Be prepared to discuss and negotiate areas of discontent. Communicate as much as possible about what is happening in your lives. Plan study timetables together and agree on times for recreation and fun.
 ·Believe in yourself. Have faith in your abilities, try your best and hope for the best.

Ask for help when you need it.

The longer you leave a problem, the bigger it can get. Tackling problems as soon as they arise can often solve them. No-one will know you need help unless you ask. Even if you think it’s a silly question, others may also have similar issues, and besides, it’s better to feel a bit silly for a few moments than to allow a problem to escalate.

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Prepared By : Dr. Anu Parmar (First Year Coordinator)

Wednesday, 19 April 2017

Construction of Solar Cell



A photovoltaic cell is essentially p-n junction diode, but it is a little bit different from a simple p-n diodeIn the construction of the solar cell, a thin layer of p - type semiconductor is grown on a thick n - type semiconductor which is grown metal on sheet or glass substrate. We make few finger electrodes or metal contacts (silver paint is used for metal contact) on the top of the p - type semiconductor layer and at the bottom of the n - type layer for better conduction electric current. These finger electrodes do not block the light to reach the thin p - type layer. There is a junction just below the p - type layer. The entire cell shielded by the thin glass to protect the solar cell from any environmental hazards. The figure below showed the growth of CZTS solar cell in the thin film research lab (Physics Department Utah University Research Lab). Yellowish color layer shown in the image is n- type CdS semiconductor on which thin layer of p- type (CZTS) semiconductor ( black in color) were grown.

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Physics of Solar Cells
When solar radiation incident the on the diode, the photons of light can easily diffuse into the junction, through very thin p-type layer. The photons of light having sufficient energy incident on the depletion layer and split the layer which is formed at the junction. Hence a large number of electron-hole pairs is created at the junction.These free electrons- holes pairs move to their respective side i.e. electrons moves towards n side and holes towards p side of the junction under the influence of barrier field. Once, these newly produced free electrons enter to the n-type side, cannot further cross the junction because of junction barrier field. Similarly, the newly created holes once enter to the p-type side cannot further cross the junction because of same barrier field of the junction. Thefore population of electrons becomes more in n-type side of the junction and population of holes becomes more in the p-type side of the junction, the p-n junction diode will behave like a small battery cell. A Potential difference or voltage is developed across the diode which is known as photovoltage. When small a small load or bulb connected across the junction, then current will start to flow through the load or bulb.


Thursday, 13 April 2017

Advance Retaining Walls for High Embankments

There are manyconstruction like underground tanks, Approaches of  Bridge structures and other high embankments , in which specific walls are used to support Soil Embankments , these specific walls are known as RETAINING WALLS. According to features these are classified as –
·        Gravity retaining walls
·         Cantilever
·         Sheet pilling
·         Counterfort
·        Anchored etc.

Retaining walls face two problems :-
(a)    Overturning
(b)   Slipping

These problems occur  in CANTILEVER and COUNTERFORT retaining walls.

                                Normally up to 5m height , cantilever retaining walls are proposed for construction . Above this counterfort retaining walls are economical . But after  10 m height counterfort retaining walls also become uneconomical . So it becomes problematic  to retain these high embankments , in such cases instead of constructing two separate counterfort retaining walls , it would be economical to construct  RCC BOX type retaining walls. In this two counterfort retaining walls will be connected together to form a RCC  BOX by connecting vertical walls and transverse walls , these transverse walls will restrain the vertical walls from deflecting outside . Such RCC  BOX retaining walls will be very economical to the high embankments like approaches of bridges . The bottom raft will be one piece so it will provide relief to the bearing capacity of the soil also. 

By providing RCC BOX type retaining walls these problems are automatically solved . Since the RCC  BOX is one piece so overturning does not occur . The RCC BOX resting on raft , so the area is increased as such the slipping problems is also solved.   
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Prepared By : Prof. J S Kushwah (HOD - CIVIL)

Science & Tech. in Ancient India


Science and Mathematics were highly developed during the ancient period in India. Ancient Indians contributed immensely to the knowledge in Mathematics as well as various branches of Science.

In Mathematics:-
You will be surprised to know that many theories of modern day mathematics were actually known to ancient Indians. Baudhayan was the first one ever to arrive at several concepts in Mathematics, which were later rediscovered by the western world. The value of pi was first calculated by him. As you know, pi is useful in calculating the area and circumference of a circle. Aryabhatta was a fifth century mathematician, astronomer, astrologer and physicist. He
was a pioneer in the field of mathematics. At the age of 23, he wrote Aryabhattiya, which is a summary of mathematics of his time. Aryabhatta showed that zero was not a numeral only but also a symbol and a concept. Discovery of zero enabled Aryabhatta to find out the exact distance between the earth and the moon. The discovery of zero also opened up a new dimension of negative numerals.

       In Science:-
            Kanad was a sixth century scientist of Vaisheshika School. His atomic theory can be a match to any modern atomic theory. According to Kanad, material universe is made up of kanas, (anu/atom) which cannot be seen through any human organ. These cannot be further subdivided. Varahamihira was another well known scientist of the ancient period in India. He lived in the Gupta period. Varahamihira made great contributions in the fields of hydrology, geology and ecology. He was one of the first scientists to claim that termites and plants could be the indicators of the presence of underground water. scientific knowledge was in a highly advanced stage in ancient India. In keeping with the times, Medical Science was also highly developed.

            In Ayurveda:-
Ayurveda is the indigenous system of medicine that was developed in Ancient India. The word Ayurveda literally means the science of good health and longevity of life. This ancient Indian system of medicine not only helps in treatment of diseases but also in finding the causes and symptoms of diseases. It is a guide for the healthy as well as the sick. It defines health as an
equilibrium in three doshas, and diseases as disturbance in these three doshas. While treating a disease with the help of herbal medicines, it aims at removing the cause of disease by striking at the roots. The main aim of ayurveda has been health and longevity. It is the oldest medical system of our planet. A treatise on Ayurveda, Atreya Samhita, is the oldest medical book of the world. Charak is called the father of ayurvedic medicine and Susruta the father of surgery. Susruta, Charak, Madhava, Vagbhatta and Jeevak were noted ayurvedic practitioners. Do you know that Ayurveda has lately become very popular in the western world? This is because of its many advantages over the modern system of medicine called Allopathy, which is of western origin.

  In Yoga:-
The science of Yoga was developed in ancient India as an allied science of Ayurveda for
healing without medicine at the physical and mental level. The term Yoga has been derived from the Sanskrit work Yoktra. Its literal meaning is “yoking the mind to the inner self after detaching it from the outer subjects of senses”. Like all other sciences, it has its roots in the Vedas. It defines chitta i.e. dissolving thoughts, emotions and desires of a person’s consciousness and achieving a state of equilibrium. It sets in to motion the force that purifies and uplifts the consciousness to divine realization. Yoga is physical as well as mental. Physical yoga is called Hathyoga. Generally, it aims at removing a disease and restoring healthy condition to the body. Rajayoga is mental yoga. Its goal is self realization and liberation from bondage by achieving physical mental, emotional and spiritual balance.


Nothing is waste,Until its wasted,(Reduce,Reuse,Recycle)


Exhibition of newly inventedtechnologies by sheer waste things was commenced by BE-1ST Year Students. Models like Waste Theme Society, Projector, Vaccum Cleaner, Hair Drier,Study Table were few new inventions among 22 other models. Activity coordinator Dr. ANU PARMAR conducted this activity with help of faculty members of Science & Humanities.

Thali Decoration:-
Students of BE-1 Year have participated in  the competition of "Thali Decoration". Such activities make students energetic and enthusiastic for all our culture festival. Activity coordinator Dr. ANU PARMAR conducted this activity with help of faculty members of Science & Humanities.

Debate and Oath Ceremony:-
Students Of BE-1 Year have shown their wisdom and interest for the topic of celebration of Diwali with crakers or not, by giving participation on large scale. Activity Coordinator Dr. Anu Parmar along with all the students of VGI took oath for promoting uses of Indian product and be a part of swach bharat abhiyaan and promot our nation towards development.

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Saturday, 25 March 2017

Free Training for ARMY recruitment

The VIKRANT GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS offers Integrated Bachelor Degrees. The courses offered are  B.COM , BBA , BCA , MBA with the specification of PGDCA and PGDM courses with scholarship schemes .As always the college continually strives to provide an accessible, affordable and high quality education to all Students offering any of its courses. The faculty attempt to provide innovative instruction in a climate of intellectual growth in a broad range of disciplines. The institution believes in Promotion of excellence in education and research by inculcating independent critical thought and scientific temper. Education with critical analysis of existing social hierarchies and construction of new models of sustainable development, equity and gender justice are taught with practical wisdom.Real world of business and business practices with utmost communication skills are a part of syllabi.

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Saturday, 4 March 2017

Eco Kart Championship 2017


Congratulations to the team Metal Beast from VGI Indore for winning the Eco Kart Championship 2017 held in Noida.
Proud moment for the whole Vikrant Family.
 

Wednesday, 22 February 2017

Inter College Cultural, and Technical Fest 2017 - QUEURTH 2017


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Workshop on Excellence in Studies & Facing Final Exam

1. What is Excellence? The quality of being outstanding or extremely good; Extremely high quality; Doing Your Best. 

2. Why Excellence in Studies? Highly competitive world - Global competition for job & business Advancement in STM. (Science & Technology, & Management) Skill Level demand of the industry is very high. Limited number of seats for admissions. Limited time period for studies. (20 – 25 years for entry into professional life) For Self-satisfaction. 

3. Why should “I” be Excellent? I am a ‘normal’ student without any Learning Impairment. I am a student in a good school. God has given me the mental capacity & ability to be excellent. I have all the Resources Required such as time, energy, transport facility, Parents’ Support and Government Support. Then, Why should I be a mediocre student? 

4. Misconceptions I am an ordinary student, not very intelligent, No one encourages me, I face many hindrances/distractions, etc. 

5. Aristotle Excellence is an art won by training and habituation. We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.”

6. Discover the Secret i. Goal Setting – “SMART” ii. Consistency in Studies iii. Tools & Training (Personal Schedule/Time Table) iv. “Never give up” attitude v. Physical Fitness 

7. Consistency in Studies: Class, Time Management, Studying, Examination. Attend classes. Ask questions in class, if given opportunity. Find a study group in class/neighbourhood. 

8. Time Management: Have your Schedule & Time Table for study hours. Be realistic. Know yourself and be honest about how much time each topic/chapter will take. Your time estimate becomes realistic as you start using Schedule/TT for a couple of weeks. Stick to your short-term goals but accommodate flexibility in your schedule as & when the situation arises. Order them from “most stressful” or “most difficult” to least stressful. (Try to tackle the stressful ones first. or easy to difficult, according to your personality) Use the daylight hours as much as possible. (‘Go with the Sun’ Philosophy). (In addition to your schedule, write out daily tasks on a card and paste it.) 

9. Five Fingers: reading, understanding, memorizing, reproducing, evaluating (self & examination) 

10. Exam Preparation: Study throughout the year, not just the night before. (if not, from now onwards.) Know the exam content and format. Sleep the night before. Be rested, comfortable, and well fed. Avoid starchy and greasy foods. 

11. Exam Taking Write formulas on prominent place such the top left corner or centre of the page. Read the directions carefully. Scan the test to familiarize yourself with the overall content. Do the questions you know first, then go back to the harder ones; circle the ones you skip to make sure you don’t overlook them in the end. Don’t rush through questions. Write down all the ideas you have. Make sure your answers are clear and complete. Check your exam when you are finished. If you are suffering from anxiety or blocking, spend five minutes relaxing, breathing deeply and steadily, without thinking about the test. Concentrate on relaxing your whole body. Continue with your exam. 

12. 3D Formula: Desire, Determination & Doing. 

Best Wishes !!